Political, economic, cultural and intellectual developments in Italy between 1300-1600. Special emphasis on urban societies and civic traditions, and how these were transformed with the decline of the medieval city-states and the adoption of an increasingly aristocratic ethos and lifestyle by the Italian elites. Comparisons of republican and princely governments and political cultures; trends in intellectual life, especially the spread and influence of humanism and patronage of the arts; early 16th-century crisis of Italy and the political writings of Niccolò Machiavelli; the Council of Trent and the Catholic Reformation of the 16th century. Readings encompass both general studies and primary sources.
Semesters: Fall, Spring