Renaissance in Italy, between 1330 and 1500. Political, economic, and intellectual developments.
Special emphasis on urban societies and civic traditions, and how these were transformed with the decline of the medieval city-states and the adoption of an increasingly aristocratic ethos and lifestyle by the Italian elites. Comparisons of republican and princely governments and political cultures; trends in intellectual life, especially the spread and influence of humanism and patronage of the arts; early 16th-century crisis of Italy and the political writings of Niccolò Machiavelli; the Council of Trent and the Catholic Reformation of the 16th century. Readings encompass both general studies and primary sources.
Semesters: Fall, Spring