Taught in French. Starting with the Revolution of 1789, we will study the rise of the French Republic and its recurrent lapses into periods of authoritarian rule, most notably under Napoléon I and Napoléon III. Other major events to be covered include the Revolutions of 1830 and 1848, the construction of France’s colonial empire, the Dreyfus Affair, the Franco-Prussian War, the Belle Epoque, and finally the the First World War. A course fee will be billed from Syracuse for a field study tour to a World War I site (Fall 2017 fee = $120). Cross-listed with FRE 447. Prereq: FRE 202 (or four semesters of college-level French).